Why One Should Oppose a Second Palestinian-Arab State in Judea, Samaria and Gaza - Part 1 of 23
On September 2, 2002, IsraPundit posted a “catalogue” of 23 reasons as to why one should oppose the creation of a second Palestinian-Arab state in Judea, Samaria and Gaza. The present article begins a series which will corroborate and document each of the reasons cited.
Readers who already oppose the creation of such a state, may find this series to be useful as a database and resource, since most of documentation will be derived (as much as possible) from web sites. The text of the British mandate over Palestine is an example. Readers who are still forming their view, as well as readers who support the creation of a second Palestinian-Arab state, may wish to use this article to reconsider their views and consult the documentation cited, lest it be argued that I quote “out of context”. Again, since most of the references are web-based, this should be an easy task, using the present series.
Reason 1 of 23:
1. Palestine belongs to the Jews as their ancestral land, a land inhabited by Jews continuously for thousands of years. The Jewish connection to Palestine was recognized by the “Internationl Community” in the form of the League of Nations’ mandate over Palestine.
This statement appears repeatedly in advocacy articles written from a pro-Israeli viewpoint, an example being quoted below. The statement is also corroborated by authoritative historians, but these works are not available on the web.
On the other hand, it is easy to establish and document definitively that the “international community” has accepted the Jewish historical claim to Palestine, and consequently the claim of the Jewish people to a national home in Palestine. To substantiate this statement, I quote from the preamble to the text of the League of Nations Mandate:
“Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have also agreed that the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the said Powers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country ; and
Whereas recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country...”
(The text quoted above may be found on many web sites; we selected to quote from the site of Yale Law School).
Among the parties present at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, were Felix Frankfurter and Chaim Weizmann on behalf of the Zionist movement, and the Emir Feisal on behalf of the Hedjaz (now Saudi Arabia). In the course of their meetings, Feisal wrote a letter addressed to Frankfurter and dated 3 March, 1919. The letter, which may be found at http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~samuel/feisal2.html, stated:
We Arabs, especially the educated among us look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement. Our deputation here in Paris is fully acquainted with the proposals submitted yesterday by the Zionist Organisation to Peace Conference, and we regard them as moderate proper. We will do our best, in so far as we are concerned, to help them through: we will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home.
Unless Feisal himself recognized the Jewish historical claim to Palestine, there would be no meaning to the sentence, “we will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home”. Hence it is clear that the Jewish claim to Palestine was already well established even among the Arabs, when the League of Nations granted the British a mandate over Palestine on July 24, 1922.
As an example the many web sites which deal with the Jewish connection to Palestine I quote from http://www.rosenblit.com/Palestine.htm:
In 135 CE, after having long-become a province of the Roman Empire, Judea's third and last revolt against Rome was crushed by Emperor Hadrian; but Rome's army also suffered devastating losses, including the complete annihilation of its illustrious XXII Legion. In furtherance of Rome's costly victory, Hadrian -- in a blatant propaganda effort to delegitimize further national Jewish claims to the Land -- renamed the province Palestina (Palestine) after the Philistines, a long-extinct Aegean people who had disappeared from History approximately a millennium earlier. However, although the province had been converted from Judea (-- Land of the Jews --) into Palestina (-- Land of the Philistines --), it continued to be populated by Jews, together with substantial minority populations of Christians and Samaritans, but hardly any Arabs, at least until the great Arab invasion of 638 CE, as a result of which, 73 years later, Byzantium's Christian basilica known as the Church of Saint Mary of Justinian, which then sat atop Jerusalem's Temple Mount, was remade into Islam's Al-Aksa mosque. But even under the rule of the Arab and all subsequently superseding empires, the Jewish people nevertheless maintained a continuous national presence in "Palestine" -- right up until the resurrection therein of the Jewish nation-state of Israel in 1948 CE.”
This is a work in progress. As the work progresses, I will amend and revise the text on the basis of readers' comment and/or new material. Please contact me if you have suggestions (see address below).
Contributed by Joseph Alexander Norland, dt804[at]yahoo[dot]ca